Identifying and assessing hazards
Switzerland is periodically affected by events or developments that threaten the general population and its livelihood or at least impose significant constraints on everyday life. Dealing with catastrophes and emergencies is currently the greatest challenge in protecting the general public, in particular because the damage caused by such events is growing incrementally due to the increasingly networked nature of modern societies, the growing vulnerability of infrastructures, and the high value density. In order to be able to counter these hazards in a suitable manner, they and the resulting risks must be known.
Hazard and risk analyses
Hazard and risk analyses provide the basis for action planning in the areas of prevention and precaution for coping with catastrophes and emergencies. Analyses are used to identify relevant hazards and to assess the resulting risks based on probability of occurrence and the extent of damage. The result is a differentiated picture of hazards and their effects, displayed as a risk matrix